Apologetics Index: Information about religious cults, sects, movements, doctrines, apologetics and counter-cult ministry.  Also: daily religion news, articles on Christian life and ministry, editorials, daily cartoon.
Apologetics research resources on religious cults and sects
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Apologetics Index - I

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  Christian Christian   Non-Christian Non-Christian   Secular Secular   Pluralistic Pluralistic   To Be Reviewed/Grey Zone/Unsure Grey Zone, Unsure or Offkey
  Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox   Academic Academic
  Profess to be Christian but are outside orthodox Christianity Profess to be Christian but are outside orthodox Christianity.   Off-site Link


Non-Christian "I Am" Activity

New age, pantheistic cult that worships Saint Germain, an 18th-century French occultist. Followers believe they are guided by a group of spirit leaders (or "ascended masters") who reveal higher truths through channeling or other occult means.

Non-Christian Iatrosofie

 referral See this page

Icke, David

David Icke, a former British television sportscaster turned prophet of doom, and Texe Marrs, a retired U.S. Air Force officer turned pastor, have issued Web site warnings that, come millennium eve, former President George Bush and fellow members of a cult known as the Illuminati will summon oppressive evil forces at a black mass in a burial chamber deep inside the great Cheops pyramid. Even Satan himself might make a cameo appearance, some webheads say. According to Icke, the Illuminati are "genetic hybrids, the result of interbreeding between a reptilian extraterrestrial race and humanity many thousands of years ago." But that's not all. The elite of the Illuminati include not only former President Bush but also Bill Clinton, the British royal family, and Henry Kissinger, Icke says. A spokesman for Bush says the former president actually plans a quiet New Year's Eve at home in Houston. No matter. Icke himself plans to show up at the pyramids on December 31, accompanied by a Zulu shaman.
Egyptian boogie nights, U.S. News & World Report, Dec. 27, 1999

Profess to be Christian but are outside orthodox Christianity Identity Movement

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Iglesia Ni Cristo

 referral See this page

Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus (IURD)

For description, see this Extended entry Extended Entry.


- Articles -
Christian The Present-Day Illuminati Theory (CONTRA) The Real or Illusionary Threat of a Secret Worldwide Conspiracy. Article by PFO Click for more information on this entry


- In Scripture -
The Apostles imparted the Holy Spirit through the laying on of hands (Acts 8:17) to the Samaritan believers, as well as to some believers from Ephesus
(Acts 19:1-7). These were exceptions, for the normative experience is that the Holy Spirit is received the moment someone acccepts Jesus (See Acts 10:44 19:2 Ephesians 1:13 1 Corinthians 12:13).

- In Pentecostal, Charismatic, Renewal and Revival Movements -
Pentecostal and Charismatic churches, and some renewal and revival movements teach that all Christians, not just the Apostles, can impart the gifts of the Spirit, and/or "anointing" to others. They base this teaching on 1 Timothy 4:14 and 2 Timothy 1:6.

Adherents of these renewal and revival movements, notably the Toronto Blessing and the Pensacola Outpouring, also teach that God imparts gifts by way of the manifestations those movements are known for.

Incest Survivor Syndrome

Inclusive-Language Bible Versions

Indianapolis Baptist Temple

 referral See this page

Infinity Forms of Yellow Remember

 referral See this page

Secular Info-Cult

Cult information organization. Site available in English and French. Funded in part by the provincial government's Ministry of Health and Social Service.

Resource Centre on Cultic Thinking
5655 avenue du Parc, Suite 208
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2V 4H2
Tel:(514) 274-2333
Fax: (514) 274-7576

Mike Kropveld, Executive Director

AcademicSecularPluralistic INFORM

INFORM: Information Network Focus on New Religious Movements.

Controversial cult information agency financed in part by an annual consultancy fee from British government. INFORM claims to provides objective information from a pluralistic, middle-of-the-road perspective, but has a tendency toward defending cults.

It claims to address hurtful beliefs and practices, while it avoids making judgements regarding theological correctness. Refers inquirers to counselors it considers qualified and supervised.

Founded and chaired by Eileen Barker (an agnostic). Ms. Barker is a board member of cult defenders organization CESNUR. Cult apologist Jeffrey K. Hadden's controversial memo was written on behalf of Eileen Barker and David Bromley

INFORM, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, Great Britain
Phone: 0171 955 7654
Fax: 0171 955 7679
Email: inform@lse.ac.uk

- News Database -

» INFORM in the news.
(Includes items added between Oct. 25, 1999 and Jan. 31, 2002. See about this database)

See Also

Secular InfoSekta

Secular cult information agency in Switzerland.

InfoSekta, Informations- u. Beratungsstelle für Sekten u. Kultfragen
Schweighofstr. 420, CH-8055 Zürich, Switzerland
Phone: 01/4548080

Ingram, Larry

Veteran online counter-cult evangelist. Runs Your Online Guide To The Major Cults an extensive web site with lots of counter-cult information.

Inner Healing

Popular, but controversial, counseling technique involving the healing of memories.

Extended Entry See this Extended Entry for more information.

Grey Zone, Unsure, or Offkey Institute for Historical Review

The leading forum for those who deny the Holocaust ever happened. Based in Newport Beach, California.

Christian Institute for Religious Research (IRR)

See our updated entry on Institute for Religious Research

AcademicPluralistic Institute for Study of American Religion (ISAR)

J. Gordon Melton's organization.

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Institute in Basic Life Principles

Founded and directed by controversial teacher, Bill Gothard. Infiltrates schools with its "Character First!" curriculum.

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts

Founded and directed by controversial teacher, Bill Gothard

Institute of Biblical Defense


Dialogue or activities involving persons of different denominations. See also: interfaith dialogue and interfaith activities.


Dialogue or activities involving persons of different religious faiths.

Extended Entry See Extended Entry

Non-ChristianPluralisticProfess to be Christian but are outside orthodox Christianity Interfaith Center of New York & Temple of Understanding

An organization that appears to promote unity through compromise...

"The Mission of the Interfaith Center of New York and the Temple of Understanding - The work of the Interfaith Center-Temple of Understanding is to nurture the re-integration of the sacred into our lives - through familiarity, understanding and contemplation of the world's religious traditions, and by applying universal spiritual wisdom to the resolution of today's critical issues and conflicts. The activities of the Center address three dimensions of interfaith work necessary to co-existence everywhere: strengthening people's understanding and respect for their own traditions; fostering awareness, understanding and respect for the traditions of others; and creating joint projects, involving religious communities in collaborative practical action. The Center works with New York's religious and educational groups, the United Nations, local government agencies and international organizations, and seeks to serve as a model for similar efforts in other cities."

570 Lexington Avenue at 51st Street, 22nd Floor
New York, NY 10022
Tel: 212-583-7412
Fax: 212-583-7426
Email: ifaithny@aol.com

Aberrational, Heretical, Heterodox, Suborthodox or Unorthodox International Churches of Christ

Grey Zone, Unsure, or Offkey International Coalition for Religious Freedom

Funded by the Unification Church:

The International Coalition for Religious Freedom is a non-profit, non-sectarian, educational organization dedicated to defending the religious freedom of all, regardless of creed, gender or ethnic origin. ICRF acknowledges with gratitude that, at the current time, it receives the bulk of its funding from institutions and individuals related to the Unification Church community. Contributions to ICRF are tax-exempt under section 501-c-3 of the Internal Revenue Code of the USA.
Source: About Us, a page on the International Coalition for Religious Freedom site


Internet, Religion on the


- Of The Bible -
See Bible - Interpretation.

Inter-Religious and International Federation for World Peace (IIFWP)

 referral See this page


Introvigne, Massimo

Director of CESNUR. Considered by many - including the publisher of Apologetics Index - to be a cult apologist. For details, see the entry on CESNUR.

Introvige was long listed among the "professional referrals" of Scientology's so-called ''Cult Awareness Network'', but he does not appear on the current version of that list. However, fellow cult-apologist J. Gordon Melton (CESNUR USA) is still listed.

Irenaeous Foundation, The

Irving, David


Extended Entry See Extended Entry

Non-Christian Islam

Extended Entry See Extended Entry

Islamic Jihad

 referral See this page


 referral See this page


Incest Survivor Syndrome.
See False Memory Syndrome

Issa Masiya