Apologetics Index

Rainbow Family of Living Light

The Rainbow Family of Living Light (usually simply referred to as the Rainbow Family) is a leaderless movement of loosely affiliated individuals who put on events known as Rainbow Gatherings.

The movement does not have leaders or an organization.

According to an ‘unofficial’ website 1 with an extensive collection of information, “[i]t is longstanding Rainbow Family consensus that nobody has ever, or ever will represent the Rainbow Family” and “in no way should anyone who works on this web site be considered to be representing the Rainbow Family.”

This unofficial site, Welcome Home, opens with an ‘Old Native American Prophecy’:

When the earth is ravaged and the animals are dying, a new tribe of people shall come unto the earth from many colors, classes, creeds, and who by their actions and deeds shall make the earth green again. They will be known as the warriors of the Rainbow.

Welcome Home explains the Rainbow People as follows:

Some say we’re the largest non-organization of non-members in the world. We have no leaders, and no organization. To be honest, the Rainbow Family means different things to different people. I think it’s safe to say we’re into intentional community building, non-violence, and alternative lifestyles. We also believe that Peace and Love are a great thing, and there isn’t enough of that in this world. Many of our traditions are based on Native American traditions, and we have a strong orientation to take care of the the Earth. We gather in the National Forests yearly to pray for peace on this planet.

There’s only one requirement for being welcomed into the Rainbow family: You’ve got to have a belly button.

The interesting thing is that we all consider ourselves to be part of a huge, extended family, no matter what our reason for gathering, no matter what our spiritual or religious or political or economic or social views may be. And many people who have not yet had an opportunity to attend a gathering also feel they are part of this family.

Another interesting thing is that there is no formal organizational structure. There are no membership qualifications, no fees or dues, no leaders, and virtually no rules other than the one of “peaceful respect.” Each year, individuals take personal responsibility and work together with others on whatever they are inspired to do, from office work, to scouting, to building the kitchens at the gatherings, to hauling in food and first-aid supplies, to peacekeeping, etc. Every project undertaken operates essentially on a consensus basis. Participation, communication, and cooperation are how things get done.

It is nothing short of miraculous.
– Source: Carla, What is the Rainbow Family of Living Light?

Rainbow Gathering

The movement is best known for its annual Rainbow Gathering — both in the U.S. and abroad — in which tens of thousands of people camp together for up to a week. In the U.S., Rainbow Gatherings are held in publicly owned National Forests, without any official permission. (Since there is no official organization, and there are no official leaders, no-one is authorized to negotiate permits).

Official documentary from New Jersey Pictures L.L.C.

The group’s unofficial ‘mini-manual’ says

[W]e cooperate with the rangers of the USDA Forest Service in doing the job they were hired for: protecting the land. […]

Do remember though, that forest rangers are law enforcement offi cials who have the power to arrest you.

We choose not to sign permits or to make agreements with the Government. Since we are a Gathering of equal Individuals, no one person has the right to represent anyone else and thus no one has the authority to sign a permit as a representative of the Rainbow Family. In choosing not to sign, we are exercising our Constitutional right to assemble peaceably.

The second edition of People of the Rainbow: A Nomadic Utopia, by Michael L. Niman, documents that the movement is subject to growing harassment from U.S. law enforcement agencies.

In addition to addressing changes within the Rainbow Family and its complex relationship to “Babylon” (what Rainbows call mainstream culture), the book’s new material explores the growing harassment Rainbows now face from U.S. law enforcement agencies — especially those associated with the National Forest Service. As Niman contends, this particular saga of a U.S. bureaucracy at war with its own citizens is a subplot in the larger–and disturbing–story of how the relationship between Americans and their government has changed during the first decade of the twenty-first century.
— Source: Publisher’s book description

Video documenting the way law enforcement officers (LEOs) acted after arresting a few people at the 2008 Wyoming Rainbow Gathering. The arrest were made near Kid Village (also known as Kiddie City), a camp for parents, children, and expectant parents.

The law enforcement agents soon found themselves surrounded by an Om Circle — a circle of people chanting “om” in an effort to harmonize an uptight situation. Michael Niman says it is “sometimes ussed for coercive purposes.”

The officers first fired into the ground, and when the Rainbow people put themselves between the officers and the children, the LEOs began shooting rubber bullets into the arms and chests of the Rainbows.

According to a Forest Service press release, Rainbows first began throwing rocks and sticks at the officers.


The Gathering has been held every year since 1972. The meetings are organized by open, free-form councils which use consensus process for making decisions. According to the Rainbow Guide, which “helps the Family to connect with each other throughout the year,”

Rainbow Gathering prayer circle in Bosnia, 2007.  Photo by Aljaz Zajc, CC BY-SA 3.0

Rainbow Gathering prayer circle in Bosnia, 2007. Photo by Aljaz Zajc, CC BY-SA 3.0

Main Council is held daily at Rainbow noon or early evening in the Main Meadow, and is announced by the blowing of a conch shell. Main council deals with issues of the Gathering in an open forum where ALL ARE WELCOME to participate. It is only in Main Council that decisions affecting the entire Gathering can be made. Anything can be discussed/expressed at main council, from the practical, to heartsongs & dreams. Health & safety issues should be resolved first, as council decisions may not be made after sunset.[…]

Rainbow councils are an open process where everyone is invited to listen and speak. […]

Consensus is our attempt to discover the will of the Spirit through the hearts of the people. […]

Recognized Rainbow rules come from only one source, main council at the annual national gatherings. EVERYONE is welcome and encouraged to attend these councils. The ONLY rules recognized are ones formally accepted by council consensus. This means that EVERYONE in the council circle agreed that a suggested rule should be a rule (no-one objected). Rainbow rules are the culmination of family consensus across the years. For those who do not accept this, please bear in mind, that if this process were not happening, THEN THERE WOULD BE NO RAINBOW GATHERING to argue the point in the first place. Respect for the whole gets respect from the whole. The idea of “me” yielding to the idea of “we”. Trust in your family to be wise. Conversely, rules in Rainbow are not final, should be humbly imparted with love (at least at first), and most importantly, conflicts should always be addressed with love, and an attempt to preserve rather than defeat.

There are also smaller Rainbow Gatherings that may take place more frequently.

The Welcome Here site, which also include much information on the movement, says

The gatherings are called rainbow because they are for all the peoples of the earth, from many families, tribes, and nations. Some say that the Hopi people native to North America tell a vision of a time when mother earth, the land, air, waters, and creatures of all kinds were sick with poisons and ill treatment by people, the children of the white races, or more specifically the people who lived the cultures of those who displaced the native peoples of the Americas – not just Caucasians, would grow their hair long, wear beads, and come together with the children of all the nations to heal the earth.


At the Annual Rainbow Gathering in the U.S. the morning of the 4th of July is set aside for a time of communal prayer:

We gather to focus on Love, nature, our better nature, healing division, and to honor and respect all positive contributions to the evolution of earth and all life. On July 4th, from daybreak till high noon, the camp is hushed, hopefully no talking at all. It is a wonderful exercise to communicate without words. People gather in Main Circle to meditate for World Peace and the Healing of the Earth. This is a time of profound energy. Explore your deepest feelings so that your healing might will be complete. The silence is broken with a resonant OM after the Childrens’ Parade enters the Circle, after high noon.
– Source: Mini-Manual

July 4, 2013, National Rainbow Gathering in Utah, prayer for peace

Research Resources

Note: Keeping in mind the the Rainbow People movement is leaderless and is not represented by an official organization, The Rainbow Family of Living Light Mini-Manual — “Suggested Wisdom Culled from Years of Experience and / or Trail & Error” — is probably the best introduction to the Rainbow People and the Rainbow Gathering.



  • People of the Rainbow: A Nomadic Utopia [Neutral, sympathetic] by Michael I. Niman, professor of journalism and media studies in the Communication Department at Buffalo State College in New York.

    Originally published in 1997, and now in its second edition, People of the Rainbow was the first — and we think the best — comprehensive study of the Rainbow People.

    This second edition of Niman’s compelling and insightful work brings the Rainbow story up to date with a new introduction and two extensive new epilogues. While the big annual Rainbow “Gatherings” have drawn fewer numbers in recent years, Niman notes, the Rainbow ethos has in many ways migrated to the mainstream, as Rainbow notions about alternative medicine and environmental sustainability, for example, have gathered wider acceptance and influenced the national dialogue. Meanwhile, Rainbow movements in other regions, from Eastern Europe and the Middle East to Asia and Australia, are thriving.

    In addition to addressing changes within the Rainbow Family and its complex relationship to “Babylon” (what Rainbows call mainstream culture), the book’s new material explores the growing harassment Rainbows now face from U.S. law enforcement agencies — especially those associated with the National Forest Service. As Niman contends, this particular saga of a U.S. bureaucracy at war with its own citizens is a subplot in the larger–and disturbing–story of how the relationship between Americans and their government has changed during the first decade of the twenty-first century.

    Library Journal, cited by Amazon.com, says

    Drawing on the methodology of participant/observer, Niman (American studies, SUNY at Buffalo) offers a sympathetic profile outlining the group’s guiding mission to uphold and practice the values of nonviolence and cooperative living and to provide an alternative to the urban rat race.

    While he suggests that the tribe has been largely successful in terms of adhering to its founding ideals, Niman also points out that individual gatherings have been marred by poor group dynamics and disruptive behavior. One of the more notable features of Niman’s approach is his effort to link the Rainbow to earlier utopian movements.



  • Rainbow Family Glossary The Rainbow Family has a lingo all its own, and if you’re planning to attend a Rainbow Gathering you’ll want to familiarize yourself with terms like ‘blissninny,’ ‘focalizer,’ ‘harassle,’ and ‘heartsong.’ The list is copied from the book, People of the Rainbow.



  • Rainbow Guide [Pro] “The Rainbow Guide is a freely printed, non-commercial directory of Rainbow friends, tribes, communities, individuals and co-ops world over, and has been in public circulation for many years. The Guide helps the Family to connect with each other throughtout the year.”
  • Welcome Here [Pro] An official website about “Happenings in North America, International and Underground.”
  • Rainbow Family of Living Light Unofficial Homepage [Pro] Since the Rainbow Family does not have leaders or an organization, there is no such thing as an official website. This ‘unofficial’ website, maintained by Rob Savoye in Colorado, includes an extensive collection of information on the movement, including where the Rainbow Gathering will be held in 2014

Article details

Category: Rainbow Family
Related topic(s):

First published (or major update) on Sunday, June 22, 2014.
Last updated on July 07, 2024.

Original content is © Copyright Apologetics Index. All Rights Reserved. For usage guidelines see link at the bottom.

Ad: Do you wish to visit the world's foremost religious and spiritual sites? Or do you simply want to experience wonderful places like Amsterdam, Paris, Barcelona, the Grand Canyon, Mexico ... the world?

Apologetics Index: Research resources on religious movements, cults, sects, world religions and related issues

Leave a Reply...

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This comment form is enhanced by Jetpack. By posting a comment you indicate that you have read, understood, and agree to our Privacy Policy. Jetpack describes which information is used, tracked and synced.

Our website includes some affiliate links. That means we get a small commission — at no additional cost to you — for each purchase you make. For instance, as an Amazon Associate Apologetics Index earns from qualifying purchases. Your support helps us provide this site free of charge. Naturally, as our Editorial Policy states, our content is never influenced by our advertisers or affiliates. Details.