'Islamic terrorism' refers to terrorist acts committed by Muslim groups or individuals who are motivated by Islamic or Islamist views. Condemned by most Muslims, Islamic terrorism is inspired by the concept of 'lesser Jihad' -- 'holy warfare' against the enemies of Allah and Islam.
The Quran states that Muslims, Jews and Christians worship the same God. However, when compared with the Jewish and Christian scriptures, the teachings of Quran show that Allah is not the same God worshipped by Jews and Christians. In fact, neither Christianity nor Islam can logically endorse the other religion’s distinctive claims and practices without denying its own.
Muslims refer to a 'greater Jihah' (the personal struggle against sin), and a 'lesser Jihad' (holy warfare against the enemies of Allah and Islam). Muslims disagree among each other as to what is or is not acceptable in 'lesser Jihad.'
Muslims believe the Torah and the Gospel have been changed and corrupted over time. Consequently, the Quran was needed to correct the errors in the corrupted books. It finalizes the truth from God as transmitted from the archangel Gabriel, recited by the prophet Muhammad, and written down into the Arabic language.
Updated: Learn more about al-Shabaab, the Somalia-based Islamist terrorist group behind the September, 2013, attack on a shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya.
Research resources on Boko Haram -- a radical Islamist sect of Islam that has been committing terrorist acts throughout Northern Nigeria since it was formed in 2002.
Pakistan’s Islamic blasphemy laws have been widely condemned. False accusations of blasphemy are often used by Muslims in disputes not only with Christians and followers of other faiths, but also with fellow Muslims.
Islamophobia is prejudice against, hatred or fear of Islam or Muslims -- but the term is often misused.
The Sharia, Islamic Law, regulates all human actions and puts them into five categories: obligatory, recommended, permitted, disliked or forbidden. There are four major schools of islam. Each school may make decisions about matters such as marriage rights, divorce procedures, inheritance, and forms of punishment, which may differ from each other.
Research resources on Sharia, Islamic Law
While Ahmadis refer to themselves as Muslims, theologically Ahmadiyya is a sect or cult of Islam. While promoting peaceful dialogue and religious tolerance themselves, Ahmadiyyas often fall victim to terrorist attacks by extremist Muslims.
Research resources on Ahmadiyya, a sect or cult of islam.
Recent years have seen the re-emergence of the hardline Islamic Taliban movement as a fighting force in Afghanistan and a major threat to its government. We have updated our research resources on the Taliban movement.
The term hijab refers to a type of scarf worn by many -- though certainly not all -- Muslim women, but the term can also refer to a modest Muslim dress code in general.