J. Gordon Melton

J. Gordon Melton is an American religious scholar who is known for his defense of various cults.

While there is no doubt that Melton is an expert at gathering and organizing research data, many cult experts believe he does a poor job at interpreting that data.

Why Whistleblowers are Often Ignored (Even in Christian Organizations)

It seems anytime revelations of sexual harassment or other misconduct in a corporate, government, educational, sports, entertainment, or religious organization surface, we learn that people who had tried earlier to expose the misconduct were ignored, their evidence was swept under the rug, and the whistleblowers were often punished in some manner.

This dynamic develops because the case is usually not handled by a truly neutral party and the group politics involved do not favor the whistleblower.


Discernment is the act or process of exhibiting keen insight and good judgment.

The Bible teaches that Christians ought to grow in discernment, the ability to distinguish truth from error.

Branch Davidians

The Branch Davidians are a religious group that originated from a schism in the Davidian Seventh-day Adventists, a sect of the the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

In 1993 many Branch Davidians died in a controversial, ill-advised U.S. government operation -- which became known as the 'Waco Siege.'

Nearly 25 years later, 'Waco' is in the public eye again. In January 2018 Paramount Network premiers a six-part miniseries on the Waco Siege. And in December 2017 "48 Hours" reveals what it claims are "new details" about cult leader David Koresh and what led up to the deadly standoff with law enforcement.


Some religious movements require members to shun anyone who has left (apostates) or has been expelled (‘excommunicated‘ or ‘disfellowshipped’ from) the movement, church, or group. Various destructive cults, such as Jehovah's Witnesses and Scientology, practice such extreme forms of ostracism that scholars use terms such as “psychologically devastating” to describe the impact.

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries is a Christian ministry founded and headed by Ravi Zacharias.

It focuses on evangelism, apologetics, spiritual disciplines and training.

Zacharias is currently facing allegations that reflect on his credibility.

Apologetics Index has always had a policy of linking to a wide variety of perspectives and resources. We have now updated this entry to include links to information dealing with these allegations, as well as responses by Zacharias and his ministry.

Iglesia ni Cristo

Theologically Iglesia ni Cristo is a cult of Christianity because it denies essential doctrines of the Christian faith.

Sociologically the movement has (increasingly severe) cult-like elements as well.

And then there's a recent investigative documentary that takes a look at INC church members accused of kidnapping and murder in the Philippines.

We provide research resources for those who are confronted by this fast-growing religious movement.