Shunning

Some religious movements require members to shun anyone who has left (apostates) or has been expelled (‘excommunicated‘ or ‘disfellowshipped’ from) the movement, church, or group. Various destructive cults, such as Jehovah's Witnesses and Scientology, practice such extreme forms of ostracism that scholars use terms such as “psychologically devastating” to describe the impact.

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries is a Christian ministry founded and headed by Ravi Zacharias. It focuses on evangelism, apologetics, spiritual disciplines and training. Zacharias is currently facing allegations that reflect on his credibility. Apologetics Index has always had a policy of linking to a wide variety of perspectives and resources. We have now updated this entry to include links to information dealing with these allegations, as well as responses by Zacharias and his ministry.

Iglesia ni Cristo

Theologically Iglesia ni Cristo is a cult of Christianity because it denies essential doctrines of the Christian faith. Sociologically the movement has cult-like elements as well. And then there's a recent investigative documentary that takes a look at INC church members accused of kidnapping and murder in the Philippines. We provide research resources for those who are confronted by this fast-growing religious movement.

Five Apologetics Methods

These five apologetic methodologies do not constitute an exhaustive list of approaches to Christian apologetic. They do represent, however, the most well-known and popular argumentative strategies in the scholarly apologetics community.

Who Joins Cults, And Why?

Is there a certain type of person who is more likely to join a cult? No. Individual vulnerability factors matter much more than personality type when it comes to joining or staying in a cult or abusive relationship.

Benjamin Zablocki

Benjamin Zablocki is a professor of sociology at Rutgers University where he teaches sociology of religion and social psychology. He has published widely on the subject of charismatic religious movements, cults, and brainwashing.