Seventh-day Adventist Church

Research resources on the Seventh-day Adventist Church and Seventh-day Adventism

We highly recommend this colorful, laminated fold-out pamphlet as a good introduction to SDA Church teachings as contrasted with those of Christianity.

The pamphlet answers such questions as: Why do Seventh-day Adventists worship on Saturdays only? Who was their prophet, Ellen G. White, and what did she teach about Jesus (identified as Michael the Archangel), the Trinity (both God the Father and Jesus have tangible bodies), and salvation? What is the SDA Bible paraphrase, The Clear Word, and how does it alter the original Greek and Hebrew meanings to fit Mrs. White’s unusual teachings? Why do Adventists consider Sunday worship “the mark of the beast?” What is the “investigative judgment,” and how does it deny the biblical belief that Jesus paid fully for our sins at the cross?

It was authored by former Seventh-day Adventists Colleen and Richard Tinker, with contributions by Jeremy Graham and Jim Valentine. General Editor for the project was Paul Carden, Executive Director of Centers for Apologetics Research, and former co-host of the Bible Answer Man radio program.

Note: additional research resources will be added. You are welcome to suggest such resources. The listings are color-coded. Sources produced by Seventh-day Adventists, either in a lay or official capacity, have been color-coded ‘brown’ to reflect our understanding that while the Seventh-day Adventist Church professes to be Christian it is outside orthodox Christianity.



Books — Online

Profiles / Encyclopedia

See Also


Youtube has many good videos on the doctrines and practices of Seventh-day Adventism. We want to highlight this one by former SDA preacher Dale Ratzlaff: Three Adventist Doctrines that Compromise the Gospel.


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About the Author

This page of research resources on the Seventh-day Adventist Church is written and maintained by Anton Hein, founder and team member of Apologetics Index.

Anton lives and works in Amsterdam, Netherlands, with his wife, Janet, who was born in England but raised in Ireland (and is more Irish than English). They are involved in helping people leave cults, abusive churches or abusive relationships.

When Anton is not typing something or other, he’s probably either taking photos somewhere in Amsterdam, brewing quality coffee, or creating super-spicy home-made Mexican salsas.

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  1. The vast majority of Christians reject such date-setting, because the Bible teaches that nobody knows when Jesus will return. See Is it possible to know when Jesus is coming back? at
  2. While the number of approximately 2,000 visionary experiences is promoted by the Seventh-day Adventist Church, there is considerable evidence that Ellen G. White had far fewer of these alleged visionary experiences. See, Robert K. Sanders, The “2,000 Visions” Fable
  3. Jeremy Rapport, Seventh-day Adventist Church, in Religions of the World, 2nd edition. ABC-CLIO, September 21, 2010
  4. That view had long before been preached by the Seventh-day Baptists who originated in England in the 17th century.
  5. In 10 Q&A on Seventh-day Adventism, Rose Publishing says “Ellen White claimed that those who worship on Sunday have been deceived by Satan, and because they embrace his counterfeit Sabbath they bear the ‘mark of the beast’.”

    Regarding this teaching, see Romans 14 — particularly vs. 5 and 6: “One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. Whoever regards one day as special does so to the Lord.” Plain language that in just two sentences soundly refutes those who make keeping the Sabbath on a certain day a requirement for salvation.

    See also: Why do Christians worship on Sunday when the Old Testament commandment sets apart Saturday as the day of worship?

  6. When it was official organized, on May 21, 1863, the movement included some 125 churches and 3,500 members. See Seventh-day Adventists – The Heritage Continues
  7. Figures from The World Church, on the official website of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
  8. Seventh-day Adventist World Church Statistics 2014. Last accessed Sunday, October 16, 2016 – 10:19 AM CET
  9. The same article includes the following passage:

    Nurture is the responsibility of every member. Ng said Adventists could learn a lesson from another denomination, the Iglesia ni Cristo Church, the largest indigenous church in the Philippines that was founded by a former Adventist in 1914. “The church takes membership care seriously,” Ng said. “When members come to church, they report their presence. After the service is over, elders and deacons take note of the names of the absentees and visit each one in the afternoon.”

    Iglesia ni Cristo is theologically a cult of Christianity.

  10. Note the difference between theological and sociological definitions of the term ‘cult.’
  11. See also this interview with Walter Martin
  12. Note that the Christian Research Institute has, under the leadership of Hank Hanegraaff, become increasingly controversial, not in the least place due to its claim that the so-called Local Church — widely considered to be a cult of Christianity — is a theologically sound Christian group.
  13. Many people have preconceived notions of what they term ‘cult’ means. The term has several precisely definitions, depending on the context in which it is used. The scholars CRI mentions used the term ‘cult’ in the theological sense of the word. The SDA Church is generally not considered to be a cult in the sociological sense of the term. See: What is a cult? See also:
  14. Less than orthodox, yet not explicitly contrary to orthodoxy. Definition from: “A Biblical Guide To Orthodoxy And Heresy Part One: The Case For Doctrinal Discernment” (an article from the Christian Research Journal, Summer 1990, page 28) by Robert M. Bowman.
  15. See: Going Deeper into the SDA Trinity Doctrine. Note that one of the difficulties of witnessing to Seventh-day Adventists is that SDA definitions of Christian terminology do not necessarily match the definitions used by Christians.
  16. This pamphlet, which we highly recommended, including footnotes referencing these and other statements. Here’s how this resource is described at the publisher’s website:
    • This short, simple 14-page overview gives side-by-side comparisons of the most important issues-and the beliefs that every SDA member holds.
    • In just a few minutes, you will grasp the basic problems with the teachings of the Seventh-day Adventist prophet, Ellen G. White.
    • Know the history and strange teachings of SDA about salvation, atonement, and their failed end times prophecies.
    • Find out that the SDA church considers itself to be the only true remnant church.
    • See examples showing how the Seventh-day Adventist Bible paraphrase, The Clear Word, changes dozens of biblical passages to add in Ellen G. White’s unusual doctrines.
    • Learn why they go to Christian music events and try to proselytize young believers.
    • SDA’s believe that worshipping on Sunday is the mark of the Beast (a sign you are not a true Christian).
    • Glossary that shows how SDA members use Christian terms but mean something else.

    Also included are tips on how to reach out to Adventists.

  17. In fact, Christians should not assume that all people who identify themselves as Seventh-day Adventists necessarily all share the same beliefs.
  18. See the quote and reference in Watchman Fellowship’s profile on SDA under the heading, The Investigative Judgment
  19. This statement was approved and voted by the General Conference session in Utrecht, the Netherlands, June 30, 1995.
  20. Jane Paulsen, The Theological Landscape: Perspectives on Issues Facing the World Seventh-day Adventist Church
  21. Read the full statement, dated April 6, 2012, at the bottom of this page
  22. An example is the current campaign titled, ‘Choose a Full Life: Health, Healing and Wholeness in Urban Cities’
  23. See: On Trial for Heresy — The A.F. Ballenger Story: “Ballenger’s theories regarding the sanctuary overthrew the entire reason for the existence of the Seventh-day Adventist church. As noted by Ellen White in her epic Great Controversy, the sanctuary teaching provided the key that explained the existence of the church … If Christ made no special move into the Most Holy Place in 1844, then not only would Ellen White’s visions be in doubt, but the whole movement would be cast in doubt. If nothing happened in 1844, then God did not direct Miller’s movement and it was not the first and second angels’ messages of Revelation 14. If Ballenger was right, there was no need for an investigative judgment.”
  24. See Walter Rea’s biography
  25. from time to time second-hand hardcover or paperback copies of the book are available, via such stores as — albeit at exorbitant prices.
  26. See this Wikipedia entry for details
  27. As revealed by a search on the Internet Archive, used to be the home of anti-Ellen White publications. The domain name appears to have been the subject of a legal battle, and it was not the only domain name the SDA Church went after. See also: Seventh-day Adventist Church takes legal action against ex-SDA websites. The information formerly posted at is now available at