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Also known as Pagan- or Modern Witchcraft, it is the largest contemporary pagan religion. Witchcraft is often called Wicca, though the latter term commonly refers to one of the largest movements or 'traditions' within Pagan Witchcraft.
There is a certain amount of confusion, disagreement, and even infighting among Witches and Wiccans regarding the terminology -- with some preferring the term 'Witchcraft,' others 'Wicca,' and yet others who use both terms interchangeably1 Note: while all witches are pagans, not all pagans are witches. Likewise, while all Wiccans are witches, not all witches are Wiccans.
Lacking a commonly agreed-upon set of key doctrines, practitioners do not all have the same views, beliefs and practices. But most forms (or 'traditions') of Modern Paganism do have a number of core beliefs or principles.2
Throughout Africa, in India and Pakistan, as well as in Papua New Guinea, many are tortured and murdered -- or cast out and banned from their families and villages -- after they were falsely accused of practicing witchcraft.3
From the perspective of historical, biblical Christianity, witchcraft -- in all its forms and traditions -- is incompatible with the essential doctrines of the Christian faith.
The combining or merging and synthesizing of religions or religious beliefs, practices, and philosophies. This results in new or hybrid religions that are composed of diverse elements of the religions from which they were derived.
- Craig Hawkins, The Modern World of Witchcraft, part 2, glossary Christian Research Journal, Winter/Spring 1990
Merriam-Webster says eclecticism is
1: selecting what appears to be best in various doctrines, methods, or styles
2: composed of elements drawn from various sources
- eclectic, an entry in Merriam-Webster Online
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