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Paganism is the broad term used to describe any religion or belief that is not Christian, Jewish or Muslim. Paganism can be traced back to Neolithic times and survived up until the middle ages when Christianity became powerful enough to erase it from existence. Paganism is an earth based religion which lays emphasis on the worship of all aspects of nature. – Paganism : Past and Present Last accessed Jan. 11, 2006
The term Neo-Paganism (sometimes written as Neopaganism) denotes the modern-day revival of paganism:
Neo-Paganism: The new paganism — a nature-oriented religious movement whose followers either are nature worshippers or have a very high regard for nature. It includes the reinventing or revival of the old gods and goddesses of pre-Christian polytheistic mythologies, mystery cults, and nature religions, such as Celtic, Greek, Egyptian, Roman, or Sumerian, or the interest in existing tribal religions (e.g. Native American religions), and shamanism, or the making of new religions. – Craig Hawkins, Goddess Worship, Witchcraft and Neo-Paganism, Glossary
Both Paganism and Neo-Paganism are diverse movements. Adherents do not all have the same views, beliefs and practices.
What Makes a Pagain? There are many answers to this, briefly Paganism encompasses the indigenous belief of a country. So before any human-centric religions developed there were many other spiritual traditions in each country. For example Druids in Celtic countries, Shamans in many countries including Native America and Siberia, Shinto in Japan, Witchcraft and Wicca, Norse Tradition and many other traditions.– The Pagan Federation Last accessed Jan. 11, 2006