Shunning

Some religious movements require members to shun anyone who has left (apostates) or has been expelled (‘excommunicated‘ or ‘disfellowshipped’ from) the movement, church, or group. Various destructive cults, such as Jehovah's Witnesses and Scientology, practice such extreme forms of ostracism that scholars use terms such as “psychologically devastating” to describe the impact.

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries

Ravi Zacharias International Ministries is a Christian ministry founded and headed by Ravi Zacharias. It focuses on evangelism, apologetics, spiritual disciplines and training. Zacharias is currently facing allegations that reflect on his credibility. Apologetics Index has always had a policy of linking to a wide variety of perspectives and resources. We have now updated this entry to include links to information dealing with these allegations, as well as responses by Zacharias and his ministry.

Five Apologetics Methods

These five apologetic methodologies do not constitute an exhaustive list of approaches to Christian apologetic. They do represent, however, the most well-known and popular argumentative strategies in the scholarly apologetics community.

Who Joins Cults, And Why?

Is there a certain type of person who is more likely to join a cult? No. Individual vulnerability factors matter much more than personality type when it comes to joining or staying in a cult or abusive relationship.

Cafeteria Religion: Spiritual, But Not Religious

Cafeteria Religion -- also known as Salad Bar Religion, Spirituality Without Religion, or Believing Without Belonging -- is popular among so-called 'nones.' It is a form of religious pluralism, in which people pick and choose doctrines and religious practices to arrive at a customized, personalized spirituality. Many Christians actually take a similar approach when they fail to learn or practice spiritual discernment.

Why do some people return to a cult?

The late Robert Vaughn Young walked away from the Scientology -- only to be talked into returning. When he later left the cult for good, he rejected theories about 'brainwashing' and 'mind control,' but eventually found parallels between victims of domestic violence and those who leave other abusive situations.